Periodontics is a specialty in dentistry involving the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the surrounding tissues of the teeth (such as the gums) and the maintenance of the health, function and aesthetics of these structures. Gum disease is the single most common cause of tooth loss in adults. Daily good oral hygiene and regular dental cleanings can decrease the risk of developing periodontal disease.

Once periodontal disease has taken hold, the most effective treatment plan options can vary depending on how far the condition has progressed. The first step in keeping the disease from advancing is a deep cleaning and scaling to remove plaque and tartar deposits from the teeth. The root surfaces of the tooth may also be smoothed in order to help the gum tissue reattach itself to the tooth and speed up the healing process.